If there is one festival that sweeps across
Bhārata with a wave of joy, music, and vibrance, it is Gaṇeśa– caturthi. This cherished Hindu festival is not just about rituals; it’s a celebration of hope, prosperity, and new beginnings, the heart which is the endearing Gaṇeśa Bhagavān, who symbolises wisdom, success, and the removal of obstacles. Curious to know more? Let’s dive into the details of a proportion in the worship ie., the patra-pūjā (worshipping by offering 21 kinds of leaves) as shown below!
No. Saṃskṛta name of the Leaf Common Name Botanical Name Picture Medicinal Benefits 01 माचीपत्रम् Common mugwort Artemisia vulgaris linn Click to enlarge ->curing throat problems ->healing wounds ->mitigating vāta & pitta 02 बृहतीपत्रम् Worm Wood Solanum indicum linn Click to enlarge -> reducing fever -> curing sore throat ->refreshing the palate ->regulating breathing -> curing heart related troubles 03 बिल्वपत्रम् Stone Apple Bilva Aegle Marmelos Click to enlarge -> controlling diarrhoea, dysentery & pitta related illnesses -> destroying phlegm, fever 04 दूर्वायुग्मम् (generally worshipped in two-s and hence the name ) Durva grass Cynodon dactylon (linn) pers Click to enlarge -> purifies blood -> removes the defect of pitta and phlegm 05 धत्तूरपत्रम् Datura / Thorn Apple Datura stramonium Click to enlarge -> relieves asthma, malaria, heart disorders, earache and baldness 06 बदरीपत्रम् Indian Jujube Zizyphus mauritiana Lam Click to enlarge Cures – Sore throt Inflammation of mouth Conjunctivitis Scalp Piles Diarrhoea Fever Eye diseases Remedy for itching & vomiting process 07 अपामार्गपत्रम् Pricky chaff flower Achyranthes aspera Click to enlarge ->Nerve tonic ->Sharpens memory ->Strengthens the stomach 08 तुलसीपत्रम् Holy Basil Ocimum sanctum Click to enlarge An effective cure for – Fevers, sore throat, respiratory disorders, Kidney-stones, heart Disorders, children’s ailments, stress, mouth Infections, insect bites, skin / eyes / teeth disorders & head-aches 09 चूतपत्रम् Mango Mangifera indica Click to enlarge Increases blood, flesh and Strength mitigates vāta 10 करवीरपत्रम् Indian oleander Nerium odoratum / indicum Click to enlarge ->regulates metabolism -> reduces evers & eye diseases ->Cures leprosy and itching 11 विष्णुक्रान्तपत्रम् Wild jasmina Jasminum angustifolium Click to enlarge Reduces excessive effect of phlegm and vāta 12 दाडिमपत्रम् Pomegranate Punica granatum Click to enlarge >cures cough >stimulates appetite >keeps off fatigue >improves taste 13 देवदारुपत्रम् Himalayan Cedar Cedrus deodara / deodar Click to enlarge · reduces excessive effect of phlegm and vāta good for all sorts of diabetes 14 मरुवकपत्रम् Sweet / common basil Ocimum basilicum Click to enlarge Cures leprosy and skin diseases 15 सिन्धूरपत्रम् / सिन्धुवारपत्रम् Chaste tree Vitex trifolia Click to enlarge >reduces excessive effect of phlegm and vāta >cures cough, ear / nose troubles 16 जातीपत्रम् White Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum Click to enlarge >remover of phlegm >regulates metabolic issues >cures leprosy, eye diseases, vāta related illnesses 17 अगस्त्यपत्रम् Linseed Agasi Sesbania grandiflora Click to enlarge lessens stress, strain and Cures cough 18 शमीपत्रम् Shami Prosoopis spicigera Click to enlarge >cures dysentery >enhances hair growth 19 अश्वत्थपत्रम् Peepal Ficus religiosa Click to enlarge >cures phlegm >regulates metabolic imbalances >pacifies thirst >cures gynec related issues 20 अर्जुनपत्रम् Arjuna Terminalia Arjuna Click to enlarge >removes phlegm >heals wounds >prevents metabolic disorders >pacifies thirst >removes stones in excretory system 21 अर्कपत्रम् Giant Milk Weed Calotropics gigantia Click to enlarge Cures – . itching . leukoderma . wounds . other skin related problems References – Ancient Indian Science and its Contemporary Relevance to Modern World (Published by the National Sanskrit University-2000) Sachitra Amarakosha Sasyagalu(National Institute of Vedic Sciences-2010) www.itoozhiayurveda.in/blog www.ayurtimes.com www.planetayurveda.com/library Name – Vinay C (Sharma) Designation – Linguist Qualification and Specialization – M.A Sanskrit (Literature)